Pump Lung, (inflammatory lung damage caused by fluid buildup in the lung’s small air sacs) makes it very difficult for the lungs to breathe in air, giving rise to severely low blood oxygen levels.
Fluid leaks from small lung vessels into lung air sacs causes when the shielded membrane between blood vessels.
Causes of pump lung include:
- Sepsis: The most common cause of pump lung is a serious infection in the lungs (pneumonia) or other organs accompanied by widespread inflammation.
- Aspiration pneumonia: Aspirating stomach contents into the lungs can result in severe lung damage
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection: COVID-19 infection can also lead to pump lung disease.
- Pancreatitis (severe pancreatic inflammation) and massive blood transfusion
- Major trauma and burns: Accidents and falls can cause direct damage to the lungs or other organs in the body, resulting in severe inflammation and injury to the lungs
- Inhalational injury: Breathing in and being exposed to high levels of chemical fumes or smoke
- Drug overdose: An overdose from drugs such as cocaine or opioids.
- Severe traumatic injury (especially multiple fractures), severe head injury, and injury to the chest